Uterine fibroids are the most common tumours of the uterus. Uterine fibroids are benign nodules arising in its muscle layer, affecting immature cells. Mostly, women of childbearing age face this type of complication.
The tumour may arise in different parts of the uterus. Depending upon their location, they are classified as intramural, subserous, submucous, cervical and broad ligament fibroids and it one can have multiple types of fibroids.
The causes of nodes are still not known. However, their development is due to hormonal disturbances and endocrine abnormalities.
- Heredity: Women with a family history of fibroids
- Diet: Women who take a high-fat diet
- Others: Women with Nulliparity, obesity, polycystic ovarian syndrome or hyperestrogenic state.
Symptoms of Uterine fibroids
Symptoms of fibroids are different and depend mainly on the individual, the location of nodes, and the stage of the disease. Thus, the nascent nodes practically do not disturb a woman, (the majority of the women, i.e., nearly 75% are asymptomatic). However, an expansion of the same tumour can cause complications and may affect other organs, and may show the following symptoms: profuse menstruation, intermenstrual bleeding, pain in the uterus, pain during sex (dyspareunia) mass per abdomen, recurrent pregnancy loss, preterm labour, constipation, urination disorders, infertility.
It would be best if you never ignore any irregularities or complications with period and other symptoms mentioned above and consult a gynaecologist. Fibroids growth may accelerate during pregnancy because of higher levels of female hormones. They decrease in size during menopause because of the decline in estrogen levels.
Complications are mainly related to those cases where the tumour grows abnormally and affects other organs, causing an increase in uterine weight (sometimes up to 3 kg) and compresses bladder and intestines leading to urinary disturbances and constipation. Sometimes it can progress into cancer (sarcoma). Heavy bleeding, a dangerous drop in blood haemoglobin levels are other complications. Without timely intervention, fibroids can land up in cancer.
Treatment of Uterine Fibroids
Uterine fibroids do not show any symptoms in its initial stage, and that’s why you need regular checkups with a gynaecologist. Consultation once every six months can detect disease at an early stage, preventing its development and undesirable consequences.